Land Rights for Smallholder Farmers

Land in Tanzania constitutes one of the major four resources namely land, forest, water and minerals. About 82% of the total Tanzanian rural population is employed in agricultural sector, ensures food security and national security in general. Land must be available for agricultural activities to take place.

In the 1990s, the government of Tanzania embarked in the policy and legal framework formulation process which culminated in the formulation of the national land policy of 1995 and enactment of the Land Laws 1999 both village Land Act no.5, 1999 and the Land Act no.4, 1999.  However, less effort has been directed towards raising smallholder farmers’ awareness on the land legal framework formulated, potentials of larger agricultural investments in relation to the livelihoods of the smallholder farmers, sustainable agriculture and the country’s sustainable development in general. Our development hypothesis is that if smallholder farmers are empowered to play their roles in land rights governance, village land will be used for sustainable development and then local governments will increase accountability to its citizens resulting into improved livelihoods.

PELUM Tanzania and its implementing members/sub grantees will achieve this through empowering smallholder farmers and local leaders by building capacities on land rights governance, networking and advocacy at village, district and national level and use of land rights related Information Education and Communication (IEC) materials. Our efforts will result in increased transparency, accountability and inclusive participation in decision making on village land rights for improved livelihoods.